10 tips for helping students with SEN

Jules Daulby

Jules Daulby was originally a Secondary School English and Drama Teacher and Deputy Head of Sixth Form. Following a period working for the Falkland Islands Radio Station as a News Broadcaster, she returned to the UK and worked as a Parent Partnership Officer. Alongside this, Jules worked in a Further Education College teaching key skills and Functional Skills in English. She then worked as a Learning Support Tutor for FE and HE students and is now a Specialist Teacher and Assessor of students with Specific Learning Difficulties. She also undertakes training and Assistive Technology Assessments for students in mainstream education.

Follow @@julesdaulby

Website: mainstreamsen.wordpress.com/ Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

What is excellence and how do we achieve it? How can we take the secretarial out of excellence? You may have heard of Ron Berger and Austin’s Butterflies, showing the stages a boy goes through to create an excellent drawing of a butterfly. It’s an uplifting clip, reminding us how we need to teach our students the drafting process in the pursuit of excellence.

It is difficult to see how the task could have been changed for a child with SEN; in fact, the carefully staggered stages to reach the final goal, is best practice. I’m interested, however, whether more complex tasks requiring secretarial skills could make life easier for students with Specific Learning Difficulties while still asking for excellence.

Here are some ideas:

1. Concept Mapping Software

When a student is asked to plan work it might seem like too much to be asked to write it again. This may affect students differently:

  • It may seem pointless to a student with autistic spectrum condition (ASC) – they’ve already done it why would they want to do it again?
  • It can seem overwhelming for a student with dyslexia – they have spent a long time and a lot of effort writing the plan concentrating on the spellings and neatness and can’t bear the idea of rewriting.
  • Too many elements of planning and organising into a coherent structure has sent a student with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) into a panic; they have lost their temper and refuse to write anymore. If a teacher then asks the student to create a presentation; this might the final straw.

Software such as Inspiration can make planning and editing work easier. The student can plan in a spider diagram then click a button which turns it into a linear essay. Not only does this remove the task of having to rewrite, it also does the structure for you. For students, this can be feel liberating and leaves them to concentrate on the content. Inspiration can even turn the essay into an impressive slideshow in minutes; not only preventing having to rewrite the words, it also gives the outline of each slide – it looks impressive very quickly allowing the student to make changes to a frame provided for them rather than starting from scratch.

2. Typing

This is such a simple adjustment but for some can change everything. Is their handwriting messy? Is it painful for them? Are there a lot of scribbles, asterisk and arrows? Word processing takes the secretarial away. The student can cut and paste and also, importantly, read what they have previously written during the drafting stages. While some students find handwriting helps with their thought process, others prefer to dump ideas down first and then structure.

If this does became the student’s usual way of working, it’s really useful if they are encouraged to learn to touch type, this will speed the process up. Some schools have touch typing clubs, which are great to encourage these skills.

3. Spellchecker

If spelling is the problem, ask the student to write without worrying about their spelling, and just let them word process with the spellchecker on.

A student with dyslexia will often use a very narrow range of vocabulary when writing, as they stick to the words they can spell. If you have an articulate student whose writing does not reflect their ability, compare work using a spell checker – it may be that the content becomes more sophisticated just by allowing them access to words they cannot spell. There is software from Crick where teachers can create word banks of key words, allowing the student to toggle between a normal keyboard and the word grid taking away even more of the secretarial.

4. Google Forms

Do you have some students who have just finished drawing the table and plotting results by the end of the lesson?

For a science experiment why not try Google Forms – students input the data into the given cells, the results create bar charts or line graphs leaving the students able to concentrate on the analysis. Drawing the table live with the charts updating also makes the process accessible to all students rather than leaving some still drawing their chart by the end of the lesson. FormMule and Autrocrat are other options (idea from @ictevangelist).

5. Text-to-Speech

If a student is not a fluent reader, then they will be missing much of the content; by allowing a student to have text read to them will aid comprehension. This merely decodes words for the student; it doesn’t read with expression so it levels the playing field rather than giving an advantage to a student; it does however remove that particular barrier. Some schools have found reading pens useful for those students who struggle with the occasional word.

6. Predictive text

This can really help students with ease of writing as it speeds the process up. Using an app which will also read it back to them is great for proof reading. Text prediction is on most computers or a slightly more advanced option would be software like Read&Write Gold or Clicker which also have text-to-speech built in.

7. Translating or Reading tool

For an EAL student, the language may inhibit the ability to achieve their best work. Not only are they concentrating on excellence, they are grappling with understanding a second language and all its nuances and grammar.

8. Speech recognition

If a student has good verbal ability but poor writing skills, then this can allow them to show knowledge without being disabled by their difficulties. Speech recognition is when a student can talk into a microphone and the software will type for them. I use Dragon NaturallySpeaking for some of my students, and the longer they use it, the easier it becomes. It does take practice, however, and while excellent for students with very poor writing ability, they do need to be trained how to use it properly. Speech recognition also engenders independence; this is far better than using a scribe for students who are verbally able but have poor writing skills.

9. Less is more approach

I’m a big fan of allowing a student to storyboard or use images to plan work – once the structure is in place then get them to write one really good quality paragraph. The plan shows how the student understands and the paragraph is an achievable target to show some excellent writing in more depth. Popplet is a great app to create very simple spider diagrams which could be used for the planning stage.

10. Video or Audio alternative assessments

Is it possible to allow a student to record their answers on video or with audio? Apps such as Explain Everything, Book Creator or Adobe Voice could be a way to engage some students who struggle to record their answers. Because the standard looks so high with relatively little effort, the presentation skills are removed, leaving them to concentrate on the content. When showing work to the class on the whiteboard, it is something they are proud of, rather than being embarrassed about poor handwriting and messy work.

If students struggle with the secretarial part - the handwriting, the spelling, the planning - then we need to find ways around this so they can concentrate on the excellence. There is nothing more frustrating than low expectations for students with specific learning difficulties, but the targets need to be realistic, and by taking the secretarial away, the excellence part can prevail.

On top of this, another idea from @ictevangelist: Use Google Docs and Flubaroo to create a quiz which is automatically marked, giving instant results leaving you free to prepare lessons.

Are you an SEN teacher? Share your specific tips in the comments below!

Register for free to continue reading
Registration is a free and easy way to support us.
When you register, you'll join a grassroots community where you can:
• Enjoy unlimited access to articles
• Get recommendations tailored to your interests
• Attend virtual events with our leading contributors
Register Now
Login

Latest stories

  • How to handle stress while teaching in a foreign country
    How to handle stress while teaching in a foreign country

    Teaching English in a foreign country is likely to be one of the most demanding experiences you'll ever have. It entails relocating to a new country, relocating to a new home, and beginning a new career, all of which are stressful in and of themselves, but now you're doing it all at once. And you'll have to converse in a strange language you may not understand.

  • Is Learning Fun for You, Teacher?
    Is Learning Fun for You, Teacher?

    Over the weekend, my family of five went to an Orlando theme park, and I decided we should really enjoy ourselves by purchasing an Unlimited Quick Queue pass. It was so worth the money! We rode every ride in the park at least twice, but one ride required us to ride down a rapidly flowing river, which quenched us with water. It was incredible that my two-year-old was laughing as well. We rode the Infinity Falls ride four times in one day—BEST DAY EVER for FAMILY FUN in the Sun! The entire experience was epic, full of energizing emotions and, most importantly, lots of smiles. What made this ride so cool was that the whole family could experience it together, the motions were on point, and the water was the icing on the cake. It had been a while since I had that type of fun, and I will never forget it.

  • Free recycling-themed resources for KS1 and KS2
    Free recycling-themed resources for KS1 and KS2

    The Action Pack is back for the start of the brand new school year, just in time for Recycle Week 2021 on 20 - 26 September, to empower pupils to make the world a better and more sustainable place. The free recycling-themed resources are designed for KS1 and KS2 and cover the topics of Art, English, PSHE, Science and Maths and have been created to easily fit into day-to-day lesson planning.

  • Inspire your pupils with Emma Raducanu
    Inspire your pupils with Emma Raducanu

    Following the exceptional performance from British breakthrough star Emma Raducanu, who captured her first Grand Slam at the US Open recently, Emmamania is already inspiring pupils aged 4 - 11 to get more involved in tennis - and LTA Youth, the flagship
    programme from The LTA, the governing body of tennis in Britain, has teachers across the country covered.

  • 5 ways to boost your school's eSafety
    5 ways to boost your school's eSafety

    eSafety is a term that constantly comes up in school communities, and with good reason. Students across the world are engaging with technology in ways that have never been seen before. This article addresses 5 beginning tips to help you boost your school’s eSafety. 

  • Tackling inequality in EdTech
    Tackling inequality in EdTech

    We have all been devastated by this pandemic that has swept the world in a matter of weeks. Schools have rapidly had to change the way they operate and be available for key workers' children. The inequalities that have long existed in communities and schools are now being amplified by the virus.

  • EdTech review & The Curriculum Lab
    EdTech review & The Curriculum Lab

    The world is catching up with a truth that we’ve championed at Learning Ladders for the last 5 years - that children’s learning outcomes are greatly improved by teachers, parents and learners working in partnership. 

  • Reducing primary to secondary transition stress
    Reducing primary to secondary transition stress

    As school leaders grapple with the near impossible mission to start bringing more students into schools from 1st June, there are hundreds of thousands of Year 6 pupils thinking anxiously about their move to secondary school.

  • Generation Z and online tutoring: natural bedfellows?
    Generation Z and online tutoring: natural bedfellows?

    The K-12 online tutoring market is booming around the world, with recent research estimating it to grow by 12% per year over the next five years, a USD $60bn increase. By breaking down geographic barriers and moving beyond the limits of local teaching expertise, online tutoring platforms are an especially valuable tool for those looking to supplement their studies in the developing world, and students globally are increasingly signing up to online tuition early on in their secondary education schooling. 

  • Employable young people or human robots?
    Employable young people or human robots?

    STEM skills have been a major focus in education for over a decade and more young people are taking science, technology, engineering, and maths subjects at university than ever before, according to statistics published by UCAS. The downside of this is that the UK is now facing a soft skills crisis and the modern world will also require children to develop strong social skills as the workplaces are transformed by technology. 

In order to make our website better for you, we use cookies!

Some firefox users may experience missing content, to fix this, click the shield in the top left and "disable tracking protection"